Women Participation and Empowerment System under Government Institutions and Constitution from 1971-2020

A S M Monowarul Islam


This study focuses on the vital points of women participation and empowerment system under government institution and constitution through exploring previous hypothetical strategic women empowerment model. Women's Empowerment is one of the most challenging steps in our society. They are deprived of political leadership opportunities at all levels of the government. Their equal participation in governance and all other sectors is not only a matter of participation or democracy but also it is natural that women’s interest to be taken into account as a strong issue. For the sake of the true development of a society women’s participation in every section of life is a must. And most of the countries of the world have understood the fact that by keeping half of the population idle at home, progress is not possible and at the same time women will be deprived of their human rights. As human beings, they have equal rights like men to lead a life with dignity and they have the same potentiality to do something for the betterment of this world. Environment and facilities must be increased so that women can enhance their confidence, develop their skills and personality to play a vital role in the development of society as well as a country. Their rights must be included and preserved by the constitution of a country. In Bangladesh, the constitutional safeguard can be seen as a milestone for ensuring women's equal access and increased participation in political power structure for ensuring their participation, strengthening the government as well as for the sustainable development of Bangladesh. Undoubtedly, the elected reserve seats for women by the constitutions help to promote participation and women's access to the decision-making process. Through their participation is not practically much ensured, reserve seats promote women empowerment. But it is a matter of sorrow that, due to social, political, and cultural barriers, elected women members in government institutions cannot play their effective role. This study seeks to critically evaluate the extent of women’s political participation and empowerment under government institutions and constitution from 1971-2020.


Women Empowerment, democracy, human rights, political and cultural barriers, political participation

Full Text:


Be a part of worldclass research: Publish with us